Name: Dr. Sandhya Wakdikar
Theme: Energy, Environment and Economy
Contributory lecturer for post graduate classes in Environmental Sciences at Institute of Science, Nagpur during November 1993 to February 1994.
Joined as Scientist B at CSIR-NISTADS in August 1996 and now a Principal Scientist at CSIR-NISTADSSome Ongoing projects
Authors: SandhyaWakdikar& P. Goswami, CSIR-NISTADS
Disaster is serious disruption of functioning of society, causing widespread human (physical, emotional etc.), animal, material, or environmental losses and this exceeds the ability of the affected people to cope using their own resources. Natural disasters are a part and parcel of nature, but accidental and man-made disasters are also on the rise. It wipes-out the on-going development and also brings the further development to a standstill for several years. Vulnerability to disaster can be the extent to which a system, or a part of it, may respond adversely. India is vulnerable to the disasters with about 60% of the landmass is prone to high intensity earthquakes of which a large part constitutes the North-eastern states. Considerable amount of land is prone to floods and erosion of which Assam is the most affected. Most of the coastal areas are prone to cyclones, tsunamis, and the list is long. It is important to identify the mitigation measures and the resilience strategies in the event of a disaster.
The sustainable development requires preparedness for the unforeseen events like disasters and best possible ways to deal with it. This paper tries to draw attention to the various types of disasters viz., natural, man-made and accidental disasters with special emphasis on the natural and accidental disasters. The vulnerability of the north-eastern states to these disasters, the mitigation measures and the resilience strategies are an important aspect to deal which have been highlighted in the paper. The collective efforts from the Government, local bodies and the people at large can help in building a resilient community.